Assumed value of the attractive force that generates sales revenue in a business, and adds value to its assets.
Goodwill is an intangible but saleable asset, almost indestructible except by indiscretion.
It is built painstakingly over the years generally with
(1) heavy and continuous expenditure in promotion,
(2)creation and maintenance of durable customerand supplier relationships,
(3) high quality of goods and services, and (4) high quality and conduct of management and employees. Goodwill includes the worth of corporate identity, and is enhanced by corporate image and a proper location.
Its value is not recognized in account books but is realized when the business is sold, and is reflected in the firm’sselling price by the amount in excess over the firm’s net worth.
In well established firms, goodwill may be worth many times the worth of its physical assets. GAAP require the firm’s purchaser to write off (amortize) the amount paid as goodwill over a period (usually 10 to 30 years) for financial reporting purposes.